Brick Bonding

The creative use of brick bonding in architecture, with or without contrasting or complementary brick colours, can have a dramatic effect on the appearance of a building.
In recent times stretcher bond has predominated, mainly because of the speed with which it can be laid in cavity wall construction. There are, however, other traditional methods which can be used to enrich large areas of brickwork, although extra cutting is needed.

English Bond

Alternative courses of headers and stretchers; one header placed centrally above each stretcher. This is a very strong bond when the wall is 1 brick thick (or thicker)

Flemish Bond

Alternate bricks are placed as header and stretcher in every course. Each header is placed centrally between the stretcher immediately above and below. This is not as strong as the English bond at 1 brick thick

 

English Garden Wall Bond

An alternative version of English bond with header courses being inserted at every fourth or sixth course. This is a correspondingly weaker bond.

 

Flemish Garden Wall Bond

Like English Garden Wall bond, this was originally intended for use in solid walls which were required to be
fair faced both sides.
The number of stretchers is increased and three stretchers are laid to one header in each course.

Stretcher Bond

Originally used for single brick walls, now called 1/2 brick walls it became the obvious choice for cavity walls as less cutting was required.

Raking Bonds
Herringbone and diagonal bonds can be effective within an exposed framed construction, or contained within restraining brick courses.

Quantities
One square metre of brickwork, a half brick thick, requires the following number of bricks:
English bond 86 Flemish Garden Wall bond 67
Flemish bond 77 Stretcher bond 60
English Garden Wall bond 72
Figures are assuming one header per brick. English and Flemish bonds are attractive for dwarf and retaining walls where only one good face is required. Stretcher bond is the most economical of all. To create a wall which is fair-faced on both sides, two stretcher walls are built side by side with a continuous mortar joint between them, the two walls being bonded together with ties (these are also called collar jointed walls). Snap headers are a simple way of adding variety.