Timeline of British History

Prehistoric Britain

6000 BC Britain is connected to the European land mass and is separated from the continent by melting ice forming the English Channel.
3500 Neolithic age begins.
2100 Bronze Age begins
1650 Trade routes begin to form
1200 Small Villages are first formed
550 Migration of Celtic people from Southern Europe
500 Iron Age begins
Roman Britain
54 Julius Caesar enters Britain but later withdraws
43 AD Claudius invades and Britain becomes part of the Roman Empire
70 Romans conquer Wales and the North
120 hadrian.jpg (4054 bytes)Emperor Hadrian builds a wall on the Scottish Border
140 Romans conquer Scotland
254 St Alban becomes the 1st Christian martyr
350 The Picts and Scots attack the border
410 The Romans withdraw from Britain
Anglo-Saxon Britain
440 Invasions of the Angles, Saxons and Jutes
450 Saxons settle in Kent
556 Seven kingdoms are created across Britain
617 Northumbria becomes the Supreme Kingdom
730 Mercia becomes the Supreme Kingdom and King Offa builds a Dyke along the Welsh Border
794 First invasion by the Vikings
821 Wessex becomes the Supreme Kingdom
878 King Alfred defeats the Vikings but allows them to settle in Eastern England
926 Eastern England (Danelaw) is conquered by the Saxons
1016 King Canute of Denmark captures the English Crown
1042 Edward the Confessor becomes King
The Middle Ages
1066 William of Normandy defeats Harold at the Battle of Hastings with a lucky shot and becomes King of England
1086 The Domesday Book is compiled to claim taxes from every manor in England
1170 Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas a Becket is murdered by the knights of Henry II
1215 The Magna Carta is signed
1314 Scots defeat the English at the battle of Bannockburn
1348 The Black Death wipes out half of the European population
1387 Geoffrey Chaucer starts writing the Canterbury Tales
1415 English defeat the French at the battle of Agincourt
1453 The Hundred Years War against France ends
Tudor Britain
1485 The War of the Roses ends at the Battle of Bosworth
1497 John Cabot sails from Bristol aboard the 'Matthew' and discovers North America
1513 English defeat the Scots at the Battle of Flodden
1534 Henry VIII forms the 'Church of England'
1535 Act of Union with Wales
1536 Dissolution of the Monasteries
1559 Mary, Queen of Scots lays claim to the English throne
1570 Sir Francis Drake sets sail for his first voyage to the West Indies
1587 Queen Elizabeth I executes Mary, Queen of Scots
1588 The English defeat the Spanish Armada
1591 First performance of a play by William Shakespeare
1600 First British involvement in the Indian continent - East India Company formed.
Stuart Britain
1603 James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England
1605 Guy Fawkes is thwarted when he tries to blow up Parliament.
1620 The Pilgrim Fathers set sail for New England from Plymouth, aboard the 'Mayflower'
1642 Civil War begins
1660 Restoration of the Monarchy under King Charles II
1665 The Plague breaks out and up 100,000 people die in London
1666 Great Fire of London
1690 The English & Dutch defeat the Irish & French at the Battle of the Boyne
1692 William III massacres the Jacobites at Glencoe
1707 Act of Union with Scotland
Georgian Britain
1714 George of Hanover succeeds Queen Anne to the Throne
1721 Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first Prime Minister
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie is defeated at the Battle of Culloden
1757 First canal in Britain is completed
1776 America declares independence from Britain
1783 Steam powered cotton mill invented by Sir Richard Arkwright
1788 First convict ships are sent to Australia
1805 Lord Nelson defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar
1807 Abolition of Slave Trade
1815 Duke of Wellington defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo
1825 World's first railway opens between Stockton and Darlington
Victorian Britain
1837 Queen Victoria becomes Queen at the age of 18
1851 The Great Exhibition
1856 Britain defeats Russia in the Crimean War
1863 London Underground opens
1884 Telephones introduced
Modern Britain
1902 Britain defeats Dutch settlers in Boer War in South Africa
1918 Britain defeats Germany in World War I
1936 First scheduled television service
1937 Sir Frank Whittle invents the Jet Engine
1945 Britain defeats Germany in World War II
1994 Channel Tunnel links Britain back to the European continent